Call for papers: XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology, 13-19 July 2014, Yokohama, Japan
Dans le cadre du XVIII congrès mondial de sociologie de l’Association Internationale de Sociologie (ISA), à Yokohama du 13 au 19 juillet 2014, nous organisons une session du Research Committee 47 (Social Classes and Social Movements).
Vous trouverez ci-dessous l’appel à communication.
Les propositions de contribution doivent impérativement être transmises avant le 30 septembre 2013, via le formulaire électronique de l’ISA qui est disponible à l’adresse suivante: https://isaconf.confex.com/isaconf/wc2014/rc/papers
Présentation de la session:
Social Movements, Inequality and Global Environmental Change:
Exploring New Actors and Evolving Institutional Frameworks at Multiple Levels of Governance
Anahita GRISONI, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, France, email@example.com
Sophie NEMOZ, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, France, firstname.lastname@example.org
Deborah DELGADO-PUGLEY, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, France, Deborah.email@example.com
David ROJAS, Cornell University, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org
Session in English/French
One aspect of the domination of and by the environment operates through its definition in the normativity advanced by institutions and public policies. Going against these trends, several actors on the ground propose alternative ways of establishing and understanding relations among society and the biophysical environment. While some of these alternative socio-environmental postures carry the seeds of new models of society, others convey ‘good governance’ concerns that challenge institutional frameworks movements deem defective. These socio-ecological stances, both individual and collective, can be understood through the prism developed by the sociology of social movements. Conversely, individual and collective socio-environmental actions raise new theoretical questions and suggest analytical strategies that may be followed in the examination of the evolving relationship between modern societies and “nature.”
In this panel, we examine how socio-environmental movements challenge environmental institutional frameworks and governance strategies, and how, by so doing, they offer new insights that may be used in the sociological field to revisit theoretical and methodological approaches. Collective mobilizations around environmental matters are unusual in that their engagements are not limited or, apparently, not centred in “social” stakes. Their repertoires of action encompass issues that emerge from the relations that “society” establishes with “nature.” Collective mobilizations underline the links between the social problem of inequality and environmental issues. They manifest through collective mobilizations (against the construction of major development projects such as dams, airports and highways); diffuse networks (such as those against shale gas exploitation or GMO crops) or shared individual practices.
These new social movements – which Alain Touraine argues emerged around anti-nuclear protests – were all similarly born through reflective engagements that bring to the fore subject positions and make it possible to posit new social models. Similarly, their claims are driven by a dual dynamic – which is contradictory only in appearance: on the one hand, they resist the imposition of meaning and of a model of society in which actors do not recognize themselves (this is sometimes interpreted as a reactionary and backward-looking posture). On the other hand, they display innovative capacities – both social and technical – and modify day-to-day practices. Meanwhile, at the global level, received
wisdom about environmental change facilitated making the case for the creation and funding of national-level executive agencies with responsibility for environmental management.
This trend, established during the colonial period (Agrawal 2005, Leach and Mearns 1996), develops to the present day. How do social movements face evolving environmental institutions at global and regional scales? How do they try to gain influence in policies that shape the access to environmental
and natural resources? How do governments relate to, and assimilate, local critiques social movement advance against external structures that aim to control the access and use of natural resources? What relationships are currently privileged between officials working in governments, international donor agencies, and non-governmental organizations [(NGOs)] and local actors? Which governance structures are accepted and fostered in the international arena?
We would like to explore the interfaces between society and governmental structures related to environmental issues and the place social movements take in this stake. At the intersection of environmental sociology and social movements – and drawing on the situated practices of social movements – this panel intends to opens new paths for exploring the socio-environmental problem of inequality.